GhostBSD Users Handbook

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Contents

Introduction

Welcome to GhostBSD! GhostBSD is a FreeBSD based operating system for Intel (x86 and Itanium®) and AMD64 computers. The project started by Eric Turgeon in Moncton NB Canada. Since 2009 GhostBSD have evolves from a live CD only to installable system.

GhostBSD is essentially a customized installation of FreeBSD. Since the underlying FreeBSD system has been kept intact, you have a fully functional FreeBSD system under the hood. GhostBSD provides a graphical installer, a graphical package management, and work to integrate more graphical utilities that make GhostBSD suitable for desktop use. As a user of GhostBSD, you don’t have to worry about configuring a FreeBSD system for desktop use. Instead you can simply install and start using it. Ghostbsd try to meets the needs of the beginner to the advanced user. Also GhostBSD aimed to be an introduction for Linux user to FreeBSD without having to do configuration. Still lots of work to do. But time to time all will progress.

A Brief History of GhostBSD

The GhostBSD Project had its beginnings in the early part of 2009; the idea of project founders Eric Turgeon and Francois Toussaint. Our original goal was to produce a secure, installable FreeBSD Gnome Live CD system. A major goal is to help new users adapt to FreeBSD. Francois Toussain and Eric Turgeon had a number of problems including the lack of knowledge of building a BSD system and on top of that, programming it. Francois has since backed out of the project. Some of you may remember all the posts that Eric made in FreeBSD forums.

Eric Turgeon had found 2 projects that would help; finstall and freesbie. Finstall is Live CD but had an outdated installer. The toolkit to build finstall was lacking good options to configure the installer. Freesbie was outdated but workable and with good structure Eric Turgeon adopted that tool. Eric studied how to build FreeBSD with Freesbie also thought of adopting Gnome for the main GUI and learning to configure Gnome.

Eric did not take long to decide to release a buggy version of his work to see the reaction on FreeBSD Forum. The feedback from users was pretty good. For a while Eric worked on a better system, updating packages and working with Gnome. He add released the first 1.0 BETA in November 10th, 2009. Once it became clear that the project was on the road, the real work started to perhaps try to get the project to a reality.

Since 1.5 GhostBSD was installable from text base installer. In GhostBSD 2.5 the first Graphical Installer for GhostBSD has made it to the release. More improvements followed with GhostBSD 3.0 and 3.5, including adding more of his own custom applications and modifications to the system.

GhostBSD Project Goals

The goals of the GhostBSD Project are to provide two basic features: An already configured GTK Desktop with software and a FreeBSD based system.

Along with that, our goals are these:

  • To have a simple installer that you answer a few simple questions to get your system installed.
  • Automatic configuration of the hardware (video, sound, network and other devices).
  • GTK Desktop Environment to support your day-to-day computing needs.
  • Easy software management; a reliable package manager for installing and uninstalling software.
  • A large number of software titles - both from the FreeBSD Repository and Ports. FreeBSD currently has over 23,000 applications.
  • GhostBSD can run almost any GNU/Linux application using Linux binary compatibility. You are able to run many Windows applications using Wine.
  • GhostBSD is not affected by viruses, spyware and other malware.
  • GhostBSD formatted drives do not need to be defragmented and does not slow down over time.
  • Getting the ZFS File System working - which is a self-healing.
  • 32-bit and 64-bit systems.

Installing GhostBSD

GhostBSD comes with a Graphical installer call GBI and a text-based installer call Ginstall.

After reading this chapter, you will know:

  • How to make USB memory
  • How to install GhostBSD.
  • How to start GhostBSD.
  • The questions GBI and Ginstall will ask you, what they mean, and how to answer them.

Hardware Requirements

Minimum System Requirements

At a bare minimum, you need to have the following computer hardware in order to install GhostBSD.

LXDE Version:

  • Pentium II or higher
  • 256 MB RAM
  • 10GB of free hard drive space
  • Network card
  • Sound card

Gnome Version:

  • Pentium III or higher
  • 256 MB RAM
  • 10GB of free hard drive space
  • Network card
  • Sound card

Recommended System Requirements

The following are the minimum recommended requirements. The faster your computer hardware, the better your computing experience:

LXDE Version:

  • Pentium III or higher
  • 512 MB of RAM
  • 20GB of free hard drive space
  • Network card
  • Sound card
  • NVIDIA 3D accelerated video card

Gnome2 Version:

  • Pentium 4 or higher
  • 1012 MB of RAM
  • 20GB of free hard drive space
  • Network card
  • Sound card
  • NVIDIA 3D accelerated video card

Supported Processors

GhostBSD should install on any system containing a 32-bit(i386) or 64-bit(amd64) processor. The amd64 name refer to 64-bit processor and does not refer to the processor manufactured by AMD. The FreeBSD Hardware Notes list the i386 and amd64 processors known to work.

Video Cards

GhostBSD uses X.org drivers for graphics support. X.org supports many video cards. If you want to use 3D acceleration, NVIDIA is currently the best supported as there is a native driver for FreeBSD. 3D acceleration may work on some Intel card.

3D acceleration will not work on ATI or Radeon cards until FreeBSD completes its TTM work (possibly for 9.2). You can still use these cards, but you will have to choose the 2D driver, and if that does not work, you will need to resort to using the Vesa driver.

Most hardware works with GhostBSD, it is possible that you'll run across a piece of hardware that does not. If you do, please report the problem so that it can be addressed by the developers. It should be remembered that GhostBSD is really FreeBSD, meaning that any hardware that works on FreeBSD will work on GhostBSD. You before installing GhostBSD, you can check the FreeBSD 9.0 Hardware Notes.

Wireless Cards

GhostBSD support some of wireless networking cards. You can check if your card has a FreeBSD driver. If it does, it should "just work". Currently there are some missing wireless drivers, typically in the Broadcom and newer Realtek series.

Pre-installation Tasks

Back Up Your Data

Back up all important data on the target computer where GhostBSD will be installed. The GhostBSD installer will not ask before making changes to the disk, but once the process has started it cannot be undone.

Check for FreeBSD Errata

GhostBSD is base on FreeBSD. Although the FreeBSD Project strives to ensure that each release of FreeBSD is as stable as possible, bugs occasionally creep into the process. On very rare occasions those bugs affect the installation process. As these problems are discovered and fixed, they are noted in the FreeBSD Errata on the FreeBSD web site. Check the errata before installing to make sure that there are no problems that might affect the installation.

Prepare the Installation Media

The installation system for GhostBSD can be downloaded for free. GhostBSD is available in .iso(CD DVD) or .img(USB stick and flash drive) file extension. Copies of GhostBSD installation media are available at the GhostBSD Download page.

Creating a bootable Memory Stick in FreeBSD, PC-BSD or GhostBSD.
  • Warning: The example below shows /dev/da0 as the target device where the image will be written. Be very careful that the correct device is used as the output target, or you may destroy existing data.

The memory stick image has a .img extension. The .img file is not a regular file. It is an image of the complete contents of the memory stick. It cannot simply be copied like a regular file, but must be written directly to the target device with dd(1):

dd if=/path/to/GhostBSD-2.5-i386.img of=/dev/da0 bs=1m
Creating a bootable Memory Stick in GNU/Linux.
  • Warning: The example below shows /dev/sdf as the target device where the image will be written. Be very careful that the correct device is used as the output target, or you may destroy existing data.

The memory stick image has a .img extension. The .img file is not a regular file. It is an image of the complete contents of the memory stick. It cannot simply be copied like a regular file, but must be written directly to the target device with dd(1): </pre> sudo dd if=GhostBSD-2.5-i386.img of=/dev/sdf bs=1M </pre>

Creating a bootable Memory Stick in Windows.
  • Warning: Be sure to give the correct drive letter as the output target, or you may overwrite and destroy existing data.

Windows Image Writer for Windows is a free application that can correctly write an image file to a memory stick. Download it and extract it.

To Double-click the Win32DiskImager icon to start the program. Verify that the drive letter shown under Device is the drive with the memory stick. Click the folder icon and select the image to be written to the memory stick. Click Save to accept the image file name. Verify that everything is correct, and that no folders on the memory stick are open in other windows. When everything is ready, click Write to write the image file to the memory stick.

Starting GhostBSD Live Media

If you prepared a “bootable” USB stick, then plug in your USB stick before turning on the computer.

If you are booting from CDROM, then you will need to turn on the computer, and insert the CDROM at the first opportunity. Introducing bsdinstall You can boot by:

  • Configure your machine BIOS to boot from either the CDROM or from USB.
  • Typically boot by pressing F10, F11, F12, or Escape and select a boot device.

If your computer starts up as normal loading your existing operating system, then either:

  • The disks were not inserted early enough in the boot process. Leave them in, and try restarting your computer.
  • The BIOS changes earlier did not work correctly. You should redo that step until you get the right option.
  • Your BIOS does not support booting from the desired media. The Plop Boot Manager can be used to boot older computers from CD or USB media.

GhostBSD will start to boot. If you are booting from CDROM you will see black screen with similar text to this:

CD Loader 1.2

Building the boot loader arguments
Looking up /BOOT/LOADER... Found
Relocating the loader and the BTX
Starting the BTX loader

BTX loader 1.00 BTX version is 1.02
Consoles: internal video/keyboard
BIOS CD is cd0
BIOS drive C: is disk0
BIOS drive D: is disk1
BIOS 636kB/261056kB available memory

FreeBSD/i386 bootstrap loader, Revision 1.1

Loading /boot/defaults/loader.conf
/boot/kernel/kernel text=0x64daa0 data=0xa4e80+0xa9e40 syms=[0x4+0x6cac0+0x4+0x88e9d]
\

The GhostBSD boot loader is displayed:

Boot.png

Either wait ten seconds, or press Enter.


Once GhostBSD is booted you should see a screen like this:

Screen.png


Installing with GBI.

GBI is a GTK graphical BSD installer program written by Eric Turgeon and introduced in 2011 for GhostBSD 2.5. GBI use the pc-sysinstall back-end developed by Kris More of PC-BSD.


Language Menu

Selecting language menu.

Language.png


Select the language you will like to use after the installation. If is not show in selection don't worry you can change it can be selected at the first boot to the GDM login.

Note: GBI will be multilingual in the future and the language who are display is default language some of us speak.


Keyboard Menu

Selecting keyboard model, layout and variant menu

Keyboard.png

The model option is the model of your keyboard. This list have huge amount of keyboard model. You do not need to specify one model. By selecting this option it will give you full support of your keyboard.

The layout option is your country specific keyboard layout. Its the mostly common option to select. For the option But if you have standard keyboard you do not need to select that option.

The variant option is your type of keyboard. This option give you the opportunity to select Dvorak, Qwerty and more. But most of the time you will not need to select one option.

Note: If you use the default GhostBSD system keyboard setup you can skip by just click on on forward. Also if you don't know your keyboard model and variant don't select any of those.


Time Zone menu

Setting the time zone for your machine will allow it to automatically correct for any regional time changes and perform other time zone related functions properly.

Selecting Time Zone:

Timezone.png

Select the continent you live in and chose your City.

Disk and Installation Option Menu

Selecting from Multiple Disks

If multiple disks are connected, choose the one where GhostBSD is to be installed.

Option.png

Selecting Installation option

The entire disk can be allocated to GhostBSD, or just a portion of it. If "Use Entire Disk" is chosen, a general partition layout filling the whole disk is created. Selecting "Auto label Partition" you can creates a partition slice without labeling it. By Selecting "Customize Disk Partition" is the advanced user. The is able to create custom partition slice and create multiple label.

BSD Boot Loader GhostBSD can be install with is boot loader or not. If you dual Boot with GNU/Linux on the same Disk> You should use Your Gnu/Linux Grub. We recommend to use GhostBSD Boot Loader with MS Windows.

Selecting Use Entire Disk

When using this option it use all the space of the hard drive selected.

Selecting Auto label Partition

Slice.png

Selecting Customize Disk Partition

Slice.png

Label.png

Adding User

AddUser.png

Summary Installation

Summary.png

Installation Progress

Progress.png

Installation Error.

Error.png

Installation Success

Success.png

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