From GhostBSD Wiki
Revision as of 05:20, 29 March 2020 by Slughorn (Talk | contribs) (Content)

Jump to: navigation, search
Welcome to Icon Disti GhostBSD.png /usr/sbin/.
System Administration Utilities
/bin/ Tools and applications /sbin/ System Administration Utilities
/usr/bin/ Tools and applications /usr/sbin/ System tools
/usr/local/bin/ Tools and applications /usr/local/sbin/ System tools
Back to the Icon Disti GhostBSD.pngSystem


Here you will find a lot of small applications, you don't find on your desktop task bar. No starter is there but on your computer. You can use them only on the cli. All commands are connected to the man pages. So you can read how to use them.


Directory Description
/usr/sbin/ac ac -- connect time accounting; If the file /var/log/utx.log exists, a record of individual login and logout times are written to it by login(1) and init(8), respectively. The ac utility examines these records and writes the accumulated connect time (in hours) for all logins to the standard output.
/usr/sbin/accton The accton utility is used for switching system accounting on or off.
/usr/sbin/acpiconf The acpiconf utility allows the user control of the ACPI power management functions.
/usr/sbin/acpidb The acpidb utility is a debugger for the ACPI DSDT. It can parse and execute various AML methods and display the result.
/usr/sbin/acpidump The acpidump utility analyzes ACPI tables in physical memory and can dump them to a file.
/usr/sbin/adduser The adduser utility is a shell script, implemented around the pw(8) command, for adding new users. It creates passwd/group entries, a home directory, copies dotfiles and sends the new user a welcome message. It supports two modes of operation. It may be used interactively at the

command line to add one user at a time, or it may be directed to get the list of new users from a file and operate in batch mode without requiring any user interaction.

/usr/sbin/amd amd -- automatically mount file systems; This daemon is obsolete. Users are advised to use autofs(5) instead.
/usr/sbin/amq amq -- automounter query tool; The amq utility provides a simple way of determining the current state of the amd(8) program. Communication is by RPC. Three modes of operation are supported by the current protocol. By default a list of mount points and automounted file systems is output. An alternative host can be specified using the -h option.
/usr/sbin/ancontrol ancontrol -- configure Aironet 4500/4800 devices; The ancontrol utility controls the operation of Aironet wireless networking devices via the an(4) driver. Most of the parameters that can be changed relate to the IEEE 802.11 protocol which the Aironet cards imple ment. This includes such things as the station name, whether the station is operating in ad-hoc (point to point) or infrastructure mode, and the network name of a service set to join. The ancontrol utility can also be used to view the current NIC status, configuration and to dump out the values of the card's statistics counters.
/usr/sbin/apm apm -- control the APM BIOS and display its information; The apm utility controls the Intel / Microsoft APM (Advanced Power Man agement) BIOS and displays the current status of APM on laptop PCs.
/usr/sbin/arp The arp utility displays and modifies the Internet-to-Ethernet address translation tables used by the address resolution protocol (arp(4)). With no flags, the program displays the current ARP entry for hostname. The host may be specified by name or by number, using Internet dot notation.
/usr/sbin/ath3kfw ath3kfw -- firmware download utility for Atheros AR3011/AR3012 chip based Bluetooth USB devices; This utility will only work with Atheros AR3011 and AR3012 chip based Bluetooth USB devices. The identification is currently based on USB vendor ID/product ID pair.
/usr/sbin/audit The audit utility controls the state of the audit system.
/usr/sbin/auditd The auditd daemon responds to requests from the audit(8) utility and notifications from the kernel. It manages the resulting audit log files and specified log file locations.
/usr/sbin/auditdistd The auditdistd daemon is responsible for distributing audit trail files over a TCP/IP network in a secure and reliable way.
/usr/sbin/auditreduce The auditreduce utility selects records from the audit trail files based on the specified criteria. Matching audit records are printed to the standard output in their raw binary form.
/usr/sbin/authpf authpf is a user shell for authenticating gateways. It is used to change pf(4) rules when a user authenticates and starts a session with sshd(8) and to undo these changes when the user's session exits.
/usr/sbin/authpf-noip authpf-noip is a user shell which allows multiple connections to take place from the same IP address.
/usr/sbin/automount When called without options, the automount command parses the auto_master(5) configuration file and any direct maps that it references, and mounts or unmounts autofs(5) filesystems to match.
/usr/sbin/automountd The automountd daemon is responsible for handling autofs(5) mount requests, parsing maps, and mounting filesystems they specify.
/usr/sbin/autounmountd autounmountd -- daemon unmounting automounted filesystems
/usr/sbin/bcmfw bcmfw -- firmware download utility for Broadcom BCM2033 chip based Bluetooth USB devices
/usr/sbin/bhyve bhyve is a hypervisor that runs guest operating systems inside a virtual machine.
/usr/sbin/bhyvectl bhyvectl -- control utility for bhyve instances
/usr/sbin/bhyveload bhyveload -- load a FreeBSD guest inside a bhyve virtual machine
/usr/sbin/binmiscctl The binmiscctl utility is the management utility for configuring miscellaneous binaries image activators in the kernel. It allows adding,

deleting, disabling, enabling, and looking up interpreters.

/usr/sbin/blacklistctl blacklistctl -- display and change the state of blacklistd
/usr/sbin/blacklistd blacklistd is a daemon similar to syslogd(8) that listens to sockets at paths specified in the sockpathsfile for notifications from other daemons about successful or failed connection attempts.
/usr/sbin/bluetooth-config The bluetooth-config utility is an interactive script to provide a frontend to the complex bluetooth sub system daemons.
/usr/sbin/boot0cfg The FreeBSD `boot0' boot manager permits the operator to select from which disk and slice an i386 machine (PC) is booted.
/usr/sbin/bootparamd The bootparamd utility is a server process that provides information to diskless(8) clients necessary for booting. It consults the /etc/bootparams file.
/usr/sbin/bootpef The bootpef utility builds the Extension Path files described by RFC 1497 (tag 18). If any client-name arguments are specified, then bootpef compiles the extension files for only those clients.
/usr/sbin/bootptest The bootptest utility sends BOOTP requests to the host specified as server-name at one-second intervals until either a response is received, or until ten requests have gone unanswered. After a response is received, bootptest will wait one more second listening for additional responses.
/usr/sbin/bsdconfig bsdconfig is used to set up many system configuration settings, both for new systems, as well as changing configuration settings of existing systems.
/usr/sbin/bsdinstall bsdinstall is used for installation of new systems, both for system setup from installation media, e.g., CD-ROMs, and for use on live systems to prepare VM images and jails.
/usr/sbin/bsnmpd The bsnmpd daemon serves the internet SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol). It is intended to serve only the absolute basic MIBs and implement all other MIBs through loadable modules. In this way the bsnmpd can be used in unexpected ways.
/usr/sbin/bt3cfw The bt3cfw utility connects to the specified Netgraph driver node of type BTCCC and downloads the specified firmware file.
/usr/sbin/bthidcontrol The bthidcontrol utility can be used to query remote Bluetooth HID devices, dump HID descriptors in human readable form and perform simple manipulations on the Bluetooth HID daemon configuration files.
/usr/sbin/bthidd The bthidd daemon handles remote Bluetooth HID devices.
/usr/sbin/btpand The btpand daemon handles Bluetooth Personal Area Networking services in the system. It can operate in client mode as a Personal Area Networking User (PANU) or in server mode as Network Access Point (NAP), Group ad-hoc Network (GN) or PANU host. btpand connects to the system via a tap(4) virtual Ethernet device and forwards Ethernet packets to remote Bluetooth devices using the Bluetooth Network Encapsulation Protocol (BNEP).
/usr/sbin/btxld The btxld utility binds the specified client executable together with a BTX loader program and the BTX kernel, and creates a composite object file suitable for loading during the boot process.
/usr/sbin/camdd The camdd utility is a sequential data transfer utility that offers standard read(2) and write(2) operation in addition to a mode that uses the asynchronous pass(4) API. The asynchronous pass(4) API allows multiple requests to be queued to a device simultaneously.
/usr/sbin/cdcontrol The cdcontrol utility is a program to control audio features of a CD drive. The device is a name such as cd0.
/usr/sbin/chkprintcap The chkprintcap utility scans a printcap(5) database (named by the printcap argument, or by default /etc/printcap), looking for entries which are invalid in one way or another.
/usr/sbin/chown The chown utility changes the user ID and/or the group ID of the speci fied files. Symbolic links named by arguments are silently left unchanged unless -h is used.
/usr/sbin/chroot The chroot utility changes its current and root directories to the supplied directory newroot and then exec's command, if supplied, or an interactive copy of the user's login shell.
/usr/sbin/ckdist The ckdist utility reads "checksum" files (which are assumed to specify components of a software distribution) and verifies the integrity of the distribution by validating the checksum of each component file. Both MD5 (128-bit "message digest") and .inf (32-bit CRC) checksum formats are supported.
/usr/sbin/clear_locks The clear_locks command can be used to clear file locks held by an NFS client. This should only be used to handle problems caused by an NFS client crashing while holding locks and failing to clear them itself when it reboots.
/usr/sbin/config The config utility builds a set of system configuration files from the file SYSTEM_NAME which describes the system to configure.
/usr/sbin/cpucontrol The cpucontrol utility can be used to read and write arbitrary machine-specific CPU registers via the cpuctl(4) special device. It can also be used to apply CPU firmware updates.
/usr/sbin/crashinfo The crashinfo utility analyzes a core dump saved by savecore(8). It generates a text file containing the analysis in the same directory as the core dump. For a given core dump file named vmcore.XX the generated text file will be named core.txt.XX.
/usr/sbin/cron The https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=cron&apropos=0&sektion=0&manpath=FreeBSD+12.1-RELEASE+and+Ports&arch=default&format=html cron] utility should be started from /etc/rc or /etc/rc.local. It will return immediately, so you do not need to start it with '&'.
/usr/sbin/ctladm The ctladm utility is designed to provide a way to access and control the CAM Target Layer (CTL). It provides a way to send SCSI commands to the CTL layer, and also provides some meta-commands that utilize SCSI commands.
/usr/sbin/ctld The ctld daemon is responsible for managing the CAM Target Layer configuration, accepting incoming iSCSI connections, performing authentication and passing connections to the kernel part of the native iSCSI target.
/usr/sbin/ctm The ctm utility was originally "Cvs Through eMail", but now instead it seems more fitting to call it "Current Through eMail".

The ctm utility is now meant to be the definitive way to make and apply a delta between two versions of a directory tree.

/usr/sbin/ctm_dequeue In conjunction with the ctm(1) command, ctm_smail, ctm_dequeue and ctm_rmail are used to distribute changes to a source tree via email. The ctm_smail utility is given a compressed ctm delta, and a mailing list to send it to. It splits the delta into manageable pieces, encodes them as mail messages and sends them to the mailing list (optionally queued to spread the mail load).
/usr/sbin/ctm_rmail In conjunction with the ctm(1) command, ctm_smail, ctm_dequeue and ctm_rmail are used to distribute changes to a source tree via email. The ctm_smail utility is given a compressed ctm delta, and a mailing list to send it to. It splits the delta into manageable pieces, encodes them as mail messages and sends them to the mailing list (optionally queued to spread the mail load).
/usr/sbin/ctm_smail In conjunction with the ctm(1) command, ctm_smail, ctm_dequeue and ctm_rmail are used to distribute changes to a source tree via email. The ctm_smail utility is given a compressed ctm delta, and a mailing list to send it to. It splits the delta into manageable pieces, encodes them as mail messages and sends them to the mailing list (optionally queued to spread the mail load).
/usr/sbin/cxgbetool cxgbetool provides command-line access to features and debug facilities exported by cxgbe(4) via private ioctls. The target nexus device, t4nex%d , is always the first argument.
/usr/sbin/daemon The daemon utility detaches itself from the controlling terminal and executes the program specified by its arguments. Privileges may be lowered to the specified user. The output of the daemonized process may be redirected to syslog and to a log file.
/usr/sbin/dconschat The dconschat utility is designed to provide a way for users to access dcons(4) (dumb console device) on a local or remote system.
/usr/sbin/devctl The devctl utility adjusts the state of individual devices in the kernel's internal device hierarchy. Each invocation of devctl consists of a single command followed by command-specific arguments. Each command operates on a single device specified via the device argument.
/usr/sbin/devinfo The devinfo utility, without any arguments, shows the hierarchy of devices available in the system, starting from the "nexus" device.
/usr/sbin/diskinfo The diskinfo utility prints out information about a disk device, and optionally runs a naive performance test on the device.
/usr/sbin/dtrace DTrace is a comprehensive dynamic tracing framework ported from Solaris. DTrace provides a powerful infrastructure that permits administrators, developers, and service personnel to concisely answer arbitrary questions about the behavior of the operating system and user programs.
/usr/sbin/dumpcis The dumpcis utility translates a raw CIS stream into human readable form.
/usr/sbin/dwatch The dwatch utility uses dtrace(1) to display process info when a given DTrace probe point is triggered. Only the root user or users with sudo(8) access can run this command.
/usr/sbin/editmap Editmap queries or edits one record in database maps used by the keyed map lookups in sendmail(8). Arguments are passed on the command line and output (for queries) is directed to standard output.
/usr/sbin/edquota The edquota utility is a quota editor. By default, or if the -u flag is specified, one or more users may be specified on the command line.
/usr/sbin/efibootmgr efibootmgr manipulates how UEFI Boot Managers boot the system. Methods of booting can be created and destroyed. Boot methods can be activated or deactivated. The order of boot methods tried can be changed.
/usr/sbin/efidp efidp -- UEFI Device Path manipulation; This program converts "Unified Extensible Firmware Interface" (UEFI) Device Paths, as defined in the UEFI standard, to and from binary form. Binary and textual forms are defined in Chapter 9 of the UEFI Specification.
/usr/sbin/efivar efivar- Tool to manipulate UEFI variables
/usr/sbin/etcupdate etcupdate -- manage updates to system files not updated by installworld; The etcupdate utility is a tool for managing updates to files that are not updated as part of `make installworld' such as files in /etc. It manages updates by doing a three-way merge of changes made to these files against the local versions. It is also designed to minimize the amount of user intervention with the goal of simplifying upgrades for clusters of machines.
/usr/sbin/extattrctl The extattrctl utility is the management utility for extended attributes over the UFS1 file system. It allows the starting and stopping of extended attributes on a file system, as well as initialization of attri bute backing files, and enabling and disabling of specific extended attributes on a file system.
/usr/sbin/fdcontrol fdcontrol -- display and modify floppy disk parameters
/usr/sbin/fdformat fdformat -- format floppy disks
/usr/sbin/fdread fdread -- read floppy disks
/usr/sbin/fdwrite fdwrite -- format and write floppy disks
/usr/sbin/fifolog_create Fifologs provide a compact round-robin circular storage for recording text and binary information to permanent storage in a bounded and predictable fashion, time and space wise.
/usr/sbin/fifolog_reader Fifologs provide a compact round-robin circular storage for recording text and binary information to permanent storage in a bounded and predictable fashion, time and space wise.
/usr/sbin/fifolog_writer Fifologs provide a compact round-robin circular storage for recording text and binary information to permanent storage in a bounded and predictable fashion, time and space wise.
/usr/sbin/fixmount The fixmount utility is a variant of showmount(8) that can delete bogus mount entries in remote mountd(8) daemons. The actions specified by the options are performed for each host in turn.
/usr/sbin/flowctl The flowctl utility is intended to control the ng_netflow(4) nodes.
/usr/sbin/fmtree The mtree utility compares the file hierarchy rooted in the current directory against a specification read from the standard input. Messages are written to the standard output for any files whose characteristics do not match the specifications, or which are missing from either the file hierarchy or the specification.
/usr/sbin/freebsd-update The freebsd-update tool is used to fetch, install, and rollback binary updates to the FreeBSD base system.
/usr/sbin/fsinfo The fsinfo utility takes a set of system configuration information, and generates a coordinated set of amd(8), mount(8) and mountd(8) configuration files.
/usr/sbin/fstyp The fstyp utility is used to determine the filesystem type on a given device. It can recognize ISO-9660, exFAT, Ext2, FAT, NTFS, and UFS filesystems.